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All about architectural design plans architects need to know

Architectural design plans are common for every architect. They are needed documents designed by architects and things for construction builders to use to build a house. This article provides you with all information about them.

The definition of architectural design plans

Architectural design plans are plans representing architecture design ideas through 2D drawings such as interior arrangement and layout. Each architectural design plan represents different design ideas such as floor plans, site plans, roof plan, .. etc.
To build a whole building, we will need hundreds of architectural design plans. That’s why I can not make a list of all of them in this article but I will inform you of some common and basic architectural design plans you can not miss out on your construction drawing design documents.

Some basic and common architectural design plans

This list includes 6 basic architectural design plans for your construction drawing design documents.

Floor plans- the first plan in basic architectural design plans

Floor plans are plans that depict a building’s layout including positions of windows and furniture as well as walls, doors and stairs viewed from above.

Floor -plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan

Floor plan- the basic architectural designs plan

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  • There are a variety of floor plan- the first architectural design plan served for different purposes :
    • One is a kind of floor plan that informs the measurement of the house and building with full details such as the height of walls or the locations of doors or windows
    • One is furniture plans. They are floor plans- the first plan in common architectural design plans with furniture which is drawn on them. Furniture plan illustrates less measurement and more objects such as chairs, sofas, beds and how they fit in the space. The furniture plans are on 2D drawings which can be shown as 2D version or 3D version.
  • Characteristics to have a good floor plan- the first plan in common architectural design plans
    • Versatile as well as flexible: 1 st characteristic in the first plan in common architectural design plans
    • Make sure every single design of each room is functional and practical- 2nd characteristic the first plan in common architectural design plans. It means that you want to change a learning room to a bedroom for some unpredictable reasons
    • Logical room layout- last characteristic the first plan in common architectural design plans:
    • Make sure you set up each room properly as its function. For example, you should set up the bedroom far away from the entertaining room, the bathrooms shouldn’t be opposite to the living room or dinning room. The kitchen should be open to the living room.
    • Size matters the first plan in architectural design plans: When designing a room, you should think about its purpose such as how many people are there staying in this room? Is there enough space for planned activities
    • Suitable for occupants- another characteristic in the first plan in architectural design plans,(their lifestyle, their priority): If they work from home, make sure the design of this room gets enough and suitable light and quiet. Or if you have Osteoarthritis, the laundry should be placed near the drying yard.
    • The balance between technical details and aesthetic: Prioritize the safety, the cost instead of pursuing the unreal beauty standard.
  • Some floor plan illustrations
The-first-floor-plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan-of-Casanova

The first floor plan- the basic architectural designs plan of Casanova

The-second-floor-plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan-of-Casanova-rendered-by-K-Render-Studio

The second floor plan- the basic architectural designs plan of Casanova rendered by K-Render Studio

The-third-floor-plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan-of-Casanova-rendered-by-K-Render-Studio

The third floor plan- the basic architectural designs plan of Casanova rendered by K-Render Studio

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Site plan- the second plan in basic architectural design plans

Site plan- the first plan in common architectural design plans is a drawing showing the view of the interior space after it has been cut (usually about 1.5m from the ground and yard). Site plan shows the layout and dimensions according to the plan, in addition to recording the cutting lines, center lines, etc. There may be more than one floor plan.

Thesite-plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan of-Mutual-Housing

The site plan- the basic architectural designs plan of Mutual Housing

The site plan- the second plan in common architectural design plans of the house is usually determined by the coordinate system perpendicular to the same direction of the vertical wall system and the horizontal wall of the house.

The vertical axes of the house close from the center of the vertical wall of the house and are denoted by the letters A, B, C … in a circle in order from left to right.

If the building has lower floor walls thicker than the upper floors, the axis of the surrounding walls (back wall and boundary wall) must be closed from the centers of the upper (thinner) walls. This is the case where the wall around the house is a flat plane for each side of the house (there is no exponential jolt dividing two wall sections of different thicknesses).

The-site-plan- the-basic-architectural-designs-plan-of-Uma-Aangan.

The site plan- the basic architectural designs plan of Uma Aangan.

There are two types of site plans: 2D site plans and 3D site plans.
Some characteristics of a site plan- the second plan in common architectural design plans you need to pay attention to:

    • Property lines and setbacks in the second architectural design plan: Property lines are marked around the perimeter of the property. It helps you to identify the owner’s property, surrounding infrastructure . Hence you can shape your design to avoid some plights such as building height, fire hazards, zoning, ..etc
    • Limits of building and layout area the second plan in architectural design plans: This diagram depicts the construction zones on the land. It will also highlight where building supplies and equipment will be stored near the construction site.
    • Conditions that are now in place as well as those that are being proposed:Your site plan must include fence lines, utility lines, and electricity lines. It also informs you if other city officials, such as inspectors, are required to be present throughout your building’s development.
    • Driveways the second plan in architectural design plans: The exact proportions of driveways and curbs are shown on a proper site plan. There are a lot of code requirements for your site’s design.
    • Parking the second plan in architectural design plans: Parking is another important consideration when designing a property, particularly in a commercial setting or a congested city area. Parking diagrams including dimensions, number of spaces, traffic flow, and signs should all be included in site plans.
    • Landscape the second plan in common architectural design plans areas:Erosion and runoff controls, as well as existing and proposed landscaping, should all be considered. A good site plan will not only include the measurement but also the type of landscape element.

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Roof Plan- the third plan in basic architectural design plans

A roof plan- the third plan in common architectural design plans is the flat projection of the entire roof of the building. Depending on the scale of the project, the roof plan is drawn at different scales 1/100, 1/200, 1/400, 1/500…- On the drawing of the roof plan, the watershed and direction must be clearly indicated. drainage, dimensions and locating shafts for the building.

The-roof-plan- the-third-architectural-designs-plan-of-a-restaurant.

The roof plan- the third architectural designs plan of a restaurant.

Some requirements for a roof plan- the third plan in architectural design plans:

    • Roof support structure (bearing structure) must be strong, durable and stable.
    • The roofing layer is completely waterproof and the roof after finishing is absolutely not permeable or leaky.
    • The roof must have a good insulation effect, so on a case-by-case basis, there should be measures to design insulation or use the best insulation materials for the roof.
    • The roof must have good resistance to grandchildren
    • The roof must have a beautiful architectural form

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Reflective ceiling plan- the fourth plan in common architectural design plans

The plan of a ceiling within a space is known as a Reflected Ceiling Plan-the fourth plan in architectural design plans. This is the view of the bird’s eyes looking down, as though the ceiling is reflected in mirrors on the floor.

The RCP (reflected ceiling plan) is a common abbreviation for the reflected ceiling plan. The architectural drawing will depict ceiling heights, structures, lighting, soffits, and other details….

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The reflective ceiling plan-the fourth plan in common architectural design plans.

Some tips to have a good reflective ceiling plan-the fourth plan in common architectural design plans

    • Adding some proportions and several scales to the reflective ceiling plan-the fourth plan in architectural design plans: Figure out the ceiling-floor balance and then add those proportions to the layout to locate various things that would otherwise be neglected in the process that follows.
    • Note that a reflective ceiling plan that doesn’t belong to the floor plan is also not a mirrored-reflection of a floor plan.
    • Following those steps to have a good reflective ceiling plan-the fourth plan in architectural design plans
      • You should first, set the ceiling, and then the rest will fall into place. To begin, the contractor or builder must determine the ceiling system, which determines the structural value of the ceiling height. This, in turn, aids in the installation of other fixtures including partitions, lighting, grilles, cabinets, and speakers.
      • Then, choose materials- the second step to have a good reflective ceiling plan-the fourth plan in architectural design plans: The mirrored ceiling plan should provide the architect or builders an idea of what materials to utilize in the construction. Materials are a vital part of building because they are solely responsible for holding the structure together. Materiality gives a foundation for not only spatial designations, but also things like grid lines.
      • Then, add the light, door to the plan and also lay out the wiring and circuits.

Exterior elevations- the fifth plan in common architectural design plans

Exterior elevations-the fifth plan in common architectural design plans are as-built drawings that depict the building’s exterior sides from ground level to the top.

architectural-design-plans-01

The house’s exterior elevation-the fifth plan in common architectural design plans.

Some tips to enhance a house’s exterior elevation-the fifth plan in common architectural design plans that you can not miss:

    • Extensions should be added- 1 st tip in the fourth plan in architectural design plans: You can build an extended entrance way or a balcony or window bays to improve your space’s look and make it more attractive. You can extend some big elements such as a garage added in the front or side or small elements such as balcony, roof, porch.
    • Roof juggle- 2 nd tip in the fourth plan in architectural design plans. The roof is highly significant in some types of dwellings, such as bungalows and villas. Instead of flat roofs, several roof types such as tapering, gabbled, slant, and others can be used, all of which will have a significant impact on the house’s appearance. If you want to improve the house’s exterior elevation, consider the roof design.
    • Incorporate a Few Architectural Elements- the last tip in the fourth plan in architectural design plans: Adding building art such as arches, pillars, and columns to your frontage can be planned during the development process. Depending on the design of your home, you can choose from a variety of arches and columns.

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Interior elevations-the sixth plan in common architectural design plans

A vertical protrusion of a wall or other inside surface is referred to as an interior elevation-the sixth plan in architectural design plans

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Interior elevations-the sixth plan in common architectural design plans

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Some tips to design a good interior elevations-the sixth plan in architectural design plans

    • Pay attention to the scale of interior elevation- 1 st tip in the sixth plan in architectural design plans: Choose the appropriate scale for your interior elevation. It depends on the detailed items, complexity, information and need-to-be-shown finishes
    • Be careful when drawing some objects such as windows, cabinetry, or doors- 2 nd tip in the sixth plan in architectural design plans. When drawing those things, using dashlines to indicate hinge location and swing of the door.
    • Interior elevations may be placed on the floor plan drawings- 3rd tip in the sixth plan in common architectural design plans – or integrated onto another page – in minor projects.

For the elevation sign, elevation number, and sheet it is drawn on, some corporations utilize a black arrow.

 

 

 

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