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7 basic architectural design principles

The “architectural design principles” of a system are frequently discussed (or just “architecture principles”). However, without a precise definition of the term “principle,” it isn’t always clear what this entails. We can take use of a very beneficial strategy by describing the role and benefits of architectural principles of design.

Overview of architectural design principles

Architectural design principles are principles of concepts that are incorporated into a structure’s or system’s architecture (whole concept) to produce specific outcomes.

What are the principles of architectural design?

In a nutshell , the architecture design principles are the artificial and technical methods that we apply to produce architectural designs; home design and interior design beauty. Architects use them to achieve their objectives or visual goals.

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Definition of architectural design principles

Regarding modern designs, the principles are varied in general, based on the difference of school of thought and individuals such as architects or residential designers. There is really flexible and no strict for architects to use them in their work

The importance of architectural design principles

Architectural principles of design make sure that your designs of buildings satisfy aesthetic element.

They ensure that the building looks aesthetically. When a person looks at that building they can feel the beauty, the prominent things of the building.

They can understand your messages about your buildings and your works, so viewers don’t have to question yourself what your architectural designs mean.

Architectural design principles should aid in the establishment of boundaries and priorities without micromanaging how individuals carry out their duties.

Architectural design principles help architects know what they should prioritize and set up boundaries.

What aspects they can be creative, what aspects they have to follow to ensure a good building within adapting all of safety criteria, aesthetic criteria and uniqueness. It helps your ideas be more realistic and functional and help newbies know where to start with their design.

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The supermarket in architectural design principles.

Let me give you some examples, you have to go to the supermarket, you are confused with many kinds of goods there. But you have some boundaries. There are only 3 people in your family, you guys only need food for one day, your budget is $20. See, you brainstorm which food fits those requirements. Now you have your own choices for your food.

Important architectural design principles are those that are constructive, reasoned, well-articulated, tested, and substantial. When someone breaks an architectural concept, which will happen from time to time, it must be for a good reason. These opportunities can also be used to examine and improve the principles

As mentioned, no matter how many principles you follow, the main purpose is just to make a building with visual beauty, stability and full of functions.

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what are the principles of architectural design

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In fact, a good architect is the one who knows to bend the rules. But you have to study those principles carefully to know when and where to break them.Breaking the rules is risky but creative. Sometimes it can lead to new solutions to problems and create a piece that doesn’t work for the client’s situations.

Those buildings are not oftentimes created for living purposes. It’s for other purposes like displaying, etc. Regenera- a design of Alberto Ronceli- an Italian architect is a typical example. This design is created to recover the ecosystem and help with the forests burnt by wildfires.

Taking the time to establish, capture, and convey architectural ideas can help theory and practice become more aligned- one of the most important reasons why architects should know architectural design principles.

Those principles are like theory and each architect’s creativity is practice. How do they apply them in their work?

How do they bend them to make a unique architecture? It depends on each architect’s ability. But at least with those basic architectural design principles architects can make a building with basic functions: safety, stability.

Seven architectural design principles that every architect must know.

Creativity is the signature when mentioning architectural design. They have to deal with creative aspects. But there are common architectural design principles that make the most out of the building. Honestly, some cases architects do not follow all of them when creating a piece of architecture.

Seven principles encompass an interesting design.

      • Emphasis
      • Balance
      • Movement
      • Rhythm
      • Contrast
      • Unity
      • Proportion and scale

Balance- one of the first architectural design principles

Balance is the art of mixing all classifications of visual weights, colors, texture and objects to generate a sense of stability, parts of the design are evenly dispersed.

Some tips for using balance principles :

  • Always keep in mind that every element you place on a page has a certain amount of weight.
  • Color, size, and texture can all contribute to weight. You can’t cram all your weighty elements into one section of your composition, just like you wouldn’t place all your furniture in one corner of a home. Your audience will feel as if their eye is sliding off the page if there is no balance.

There is both bodily and visual balance. It’s divided into 5 types

  • Symmetrical or formal balance: In regard to a centerline or axis, all of the elements in the design are identical. Equally weighted pieces located on either side of a center line generate balance in symmetrical design.
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The Taj Mahal Mausoleum Agra- Uttar Pradesh,in India- good architectural design principles

  • Asymmetrical or informal balance: In general of the design, it’s not really identical but it is in visual weight.
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Asymmetrical balance – good architectural design principles

  • Radial balance: From the center, design components radiate outward.
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Radial balance- good architectural design principles

  • Vertical balance: The top and bottom pieces are both the same size.
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Vertical balance- good architectural design principles

  • Horizontal balance: Both the left and right sides have equal parts.
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Horizontal balance-architectural design principles

Rhythm- the second architectural design principles.

In terms of using line, shape, color, texture or pattern on a regular basis are rhythm.

Types of rhythm

  • Regular rhythm: we repeat each element at the same repetition and the interval .
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regular balance-architectural design principles

  • Random rhythm: we make elements random or at irregular intervals
  • Gradated rhythm: Except for one aspect that progressively increases or decreases with each repetition, the repeating element is identical.

Emphasis- the third architectural design principles

The focus point of a design is the aspect that draws the eye to it.

The-emphasis-one-of-the-architectural-design-principles.

The emphasis- one of the architectural design principles.

Size, placement, shape, color, and the usage of lines can all be used to emphasize something.

Proportion and scale- the fourth architectural design principles

In terms of scale, the relationships between elements in a design are compared.

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The golden mean-architectural design principles

The Golden Mean is a 3:5 proportion.

Visual Movement-the fifth architectural design principles

When a person looks at an architecture, whether it is the exterior or interior of the building, there will be a certain movement pattern that catches their eyes.

An fabulous architecture is a building where its visual movement is clear and people looking at it know where it is the emphasised parts.

If architects can master the rest of architectural design principles, this principle-visual movement will come along.

Contrast- the sixth architectural design principles

The key here is to make it noticeably different. It will be boring for a building without contrast. So do some contrasts to make it more attractive.

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Contrast-one of architectural design principles

For instance, black contrasts sharply against white

Not only colors, You can also do contrast with proportion and scale or shape.

Unity- the seventh architectural design principles

Unity is accomplished through the consistent use of lines, color, material, and texture within a design
In terms of texture, it ‘s one of the architectural design principles that make a design stand out.

A good building not only has a good visual beauty but also should have a good experience in touch. Emphasizing on texture (make it rough or smooth) also helps your architecture less lacky and less boring.

I have listed the basic principles of architectural design. However, no matter how many principles you follow, the key is that they work together to create aesthetically look and optimize user experience. The architecture must be functional, usable and enjoyable.

Some special architectural design principles from famous architecture in the world.

As mentioned, architects do not follow basic architectural design principles all the time. This is when creativity of each architect comes along and make their work unique

Bending the rules

These architectural design principles are the terms you hear from the design of a skyscraper- China Central Television Headquarter in Beijing, China.

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China Central Television Headquarter in Beijing- the capital of , China-

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China Central Television Headquarter in Beijing- the capital of , China-
Alt: what-are-the-basic-principles-of-architecture

This architecture was created by Rem Koolhaas- architecture firm’s header OMA. Standing out from vertical shape, this one consists of 6 loops and 3 of which are vertical. This shape break the rules of regular shapes for buildings as we commonly see: rectangular parallelepiped,

Being unique- one of special architectural design principles

In terms of getting noticed, the iconic building- Sydney Opera House is a typical example- the city’s de-facto logo.

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Sydney Opera House -what are the basic principles of architecture

The story of this design is also interesting. Long time ago , the Sydney government decided to build an opera house. This is a desire of every top architecture firm. An unknown architect, Jorn Utzon standed out with his unique and breezy design. Beating out dozens of celebrity architure firms, his design was chosen and now has become one of the masterpieces of the world.

Build an architecture that does not harm the surrounding environment.

This is a simple architectural design principle . Architecture always enters an existing context and, as a result, has an impact on that environment, for example, through energy use. These concerns have been prioritized by some of the best architects of the last century.

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Falling Water-what are the principles of architecture

Frank Wright’s design, Falling Water- one of iconic architectural design small houses, is above a waterfall and built into a hillside with rural style.

A combination of modern and past- old and new- one of distinct architectural design principles

Anyone who has worked in branding will be familiar with the challenge of establishing something new while maintaining continuity with, or even coexisting with, the previous system. This challenge might take on a literal meaning in building.

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Hearst Tower-what are the principles of architecture

Want To build a skyscraper at midtown and keep the beautiful, historic facade of its former building, architecture firm Foster & Partners keeped the old buildings of Hearst Tower and built a new shiny one in the middle of former buildings.

Follow your principles

Modernism is noted for developing structures that are intellectually sound rather than aesthetically pleasing.

The Bauhaus school, which flourished in Germany from 1919 to 1933, preached uncompromising minimalism and pure practicality, and its adherents clung to these no matter how much opposition they faced.

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The Seagram Building in architectural design principles.

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The Seagram Building in Manhattan, applied those architectural design principles designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and completed in 1958, is an example of the so-called International Style. Marcel Breuer’s brutalist cube for the Whitney Museum of American Art, just 20 blocks uptown, has proudly irritated its upscale Madison Avenue neighbors for 50 years (though the museum will enter a new home with far more windows next year).

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Below are 7 basic architectural design principles that every architect should know. They are balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, visual, proportion and scale. The key point is that you don’t have to apply all those principles and just be comfortable to create some unique points for your work.

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